GAGV’s work with Mexico

Stopping gun violence in Mexico

To stop gun violence in the United States and around the world, GAGV is proud to represent the Government of Mexico, which has been at the forefront of this fight internationally. While Mexico has strong gun laws, because of weak U.S. gun laws and reckless U.S. gun industry practices, thousands of guns flood across the southern border every year. Those guns arm the cartels who use them to engage in violence, intimidation, drug trafficking and other crimes. In fact, 70 – 90% of crime guns in Mexico have been found to been trafficked from the United States. The violence from these U.S. guns not only cause tremendous harm in Mexico but cause migration and fentanyl use and abuse in the United States. Together, we are taking action to stem gun trafficking from the United States. These are some of the initiatives that we have undertaken:


Mexico v. Smith & Wesson, et al.,

On August 4, 2021, the Government of Mexico filed the first lawsuit by a sovereign country against the gun industry. This landmark case seeks to hold U.S. gun manufacturers liable for the high levels of gun violence in Mexico caused by firearms trafficked from the United States. The suit was filed in U.S. District Court in Massachusetts.

In its filing, Mexico seeks to hold American gun manufacturers accountable for their role in facilitating gun trafficking, refusing to take steps that would stop trafficking, and marketing assault weapons, sniper rifles, and other guns sought after by the cartels in that country. 

GAGV founder and president Jonathan Lowy helped Mexico develop its legal strategy for this case and is co-counsel.

On January 22, 2024, in a landmark decision, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit ruled in favor of Mexico, allowing its lawsuit against U.S. gun manufacturers, including Smith & Wesson, to proceed. This decision, overturning a lower court’s dismissal, marks a significant legal victory for Mexico. It challenges the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act (PLCAA) and opens a pathway for holding gun manufacturers accountable for their alleged role in facilitating illegal gun trafficking to Mexico and the resulting surge in gun violence. This ruling underlines the potential global impact of U.S. gun industry practices, setting a precedent for international accountability in the arms trade.

Court decisions 

On September 30, 2022, Judge F. Dennis Saylor IV dismissed the case, holding that it was barred by the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act (PLCAA), which gives the gun industry unprecedented immunity from civil liability in the United States.

Mexico appealed that decision, arguing that PLCAA does not apply to lawsuits brought by foreign governments or non-U.S. citizens and that PLCAA does not protect gun companies that knowingly facilitate criminal activity. Oral arguments in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit took place on July 24, 2023.

On January 22, 2024, the First Circuit ruled in Mexico’s favor, allowing the case to proceed. In its decision, the Court stated that Mexico made a strong enough case that the gun companies engaged in illegal activity not protected by PLCAA.

The case now goes back to District Court, where it will proceed into discovery.

Mexico v. Diamondback Shooting Sports, et al.

On October 10, 2022, the Government of Mexico filed a second lawsuit – this one against five gun dealers in Arizona. The suit was filed in U.S. District Court in Arizona. 

The case is the first lawsuit to use the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act against the gun industry.

GAGV’s Jonathan Lowy is co-counsel in this case.

In February 2024, the U.S. District Court in Tucson, AZ, held the first hearing in the case. In March, Judge Rosemary Márquez ruled that the lawsuit could proceed.


Mexico has elevated the issue of gun violence prevention in international forums, such as the Organization of American States and the United Nations, asking those organizations to consider gun industry practices and policies that facilitate gun trafficking as violations of international law. GAGV is often invited to speak to member states on the culpability of the gun industry and steps that both gun companies and U.S. lawmakers should take to stop trafficking. 

  • October 25, 2022: GAGV testified before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) at a hearing requested by Mexico on “Respecting and enforcing human rights in the face of the activities of arms manufacturing and trading firms in the Americas.”
  • November 3, 2022: GAGV was a panelist at a two-day conference in Mexico City co-sponsored by the Mexican government on “The Business of Lethality: Arms Trafficking to Mexico.”  
  • December 19, 2022: Following up on our October testimony, GAGV submitted a report to the IACHR, describing in greater detail how U.S. gun policy and gun industry practices fuel violence in Mexico and other countries and recommending actions that OAS member states can take to address gun trafficking.
  • February 22, 2023: Mexico held a discussion at which GAGV was a panelist on “Illicit Arms Trafficking in Latin America and the Caribbean” in Mexico City.

  • May 1, 2023: GAGV participated in a forum on “Transnational Litigation and Corporate Accountability: Mexico’s Case Against Arms Traffickers in the U.S.” sponsored by the government of Mexico and the University of Arizona. 

  • May 31, 2023: GAGV testified before the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States on the “Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and the Role of Arms Companies.

  • August 21, 2023: GAGV submitted a brief to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights of the Organization of American States, in support of the Government of Mexico’s request for an advisory opinion on firearms issues.

  • November 28, 2023: GAGV testified at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in Costa Rica in support of Mexico’s request for an advisory opinion.